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Đã hiểu


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Tiếng Anh 3 - ĐỌC HIỂU

Tiếng Anh 3 - ĐỌC HIỂU

Tiếng Anh 3 - ĐỌC HIỂU

          After two decades of growing student enrollments and economic prosperity, business schools in the United States have started to face harder times. Only Harvard's MBA School has shown a substantial increase in enrollment in recent years. Both Princeton and Stanford have seen 5 decreases in their enrollments. Since 1990, the number of people receiving Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degrees, has dropped about 3 percent to 75,000, and the trend of lower enrollment rates is expected to continue.
          10 There are two factors causing this decrease in students seeking an MBA degree. The first one is that many graduates of four-year colleges are finding that an MBA degree does not guarantee a plush job on Wall Street, or in other financial districts of major American cities. Many of the entry-level management jobs are going to students graduating 15 with Master of Arts degrees in English and the humanities as well as those holding MBA degrees.
          Students have asked the question, "Is an MBA degree really what I need to be best prepared for getting a good job?" The second major factor has been the cutting of American payrolls and the lower number of entry-level jobs being offered. 20 Business needs are changing, and MBA schools are struggling to meet the new demands.


Câu hỏi 1: What is the main focus of this passage?

Câu hỏi 2: The phrase "two decades" in line 1 refers to a period of

Câu hỏi 3: The word "prosperity" in line 1 could be best replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi 4: Which of the following business schools has NOT shown a decrease in enrollment?

Câu hỏi 5: The phrase "trend of" in line 7 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

Câu hỏi 6: As used in line 10, the word "seeking" could best be replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi 7: Which of the following descriptions most likely applies to Wall Street?

Câu hỏi 8: The word "plush" in line 13 most probably means

Câu hỏi 9: According to the passage, what are two causes of declining business school enrollments?

Câu hỏi 10: The word "cutting" in line 18 could best be replaced by which of the following?

Câu hỏi 11: As used in line 20, the word "struggling" is closest in meaning to

Câu hỏi 12: Which of the following might be the topic of the paragraph?

          After inventing dynamite, Swedish-born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man. However, he foresaw its universally destructive powers too late. Nobel preferred not to be remembered as the inventor of dynamite, so in 1895, just two weeks before his death·, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to people who had made worthwhile contributions to humanity.    Originally there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicine, and peace.      Economics was added in 1968, just sixty-seven years after the first awards ceremony.
          Nobel's original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $30,000 to $125,000.
          Every year on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the awards (gold medal, illuminated diploma, and money) are presented to the winners. Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judges' decisions. Americans have won numerous science awards, but relatively few literature prizes.
          No awards were presented from 1940 to 1942 at the beginning of World War 11. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes.

Câu hỏi 13: The word "foresaw" in the first paragraph is nearest in meaning to __

Câu hỏi 14: The Nobel prize was established in order to ___

Câu hỏi 15: In which area have Americans received the most awards?

Câu hỏi 16: All of the following statements are true EXCEPT

Câu hỏi 17: In how many fields are prizes bestowed?

Câu hỏi 18: It is implied that Nobel's profession was in ____

Câu hỏi 19: In the first paragraph, "worthwhile" is closest in meaning to ___

Câu hỏi 20: How much money did Nobel leaves for the prizes?

Câu hỏi 21: What is the main idea of this passage?

Câu hỏi 22: The word "legacy" in the second paragraph means most nearly the same as ____

          In an effort to produce the largest, fastest, and most luxurious ship afloat, the British built the Titanic. It was so superior to anything else on the seas that it was dubbed “unsinkable”. So sure of this were the owners that, they provided only twenty lifeboats and rafts, less than one half the number needed for the 2,227 passengers on board.
          Many passengers were aboard the night it rammed an iceberg, only two days at sea and more than half way between England and the New York destination. Because the luxury liner was traveling so fast, it was impossible to avoid the ghostly looking iceberg. An unextinguished fire also contributed to the ship’s submersion. Panic increased the number of casualties as people jumped into the icy water or fought to be among the few to board the lifeboats. Four hours after the mishap, another ship, the Carpathia, rescued the 705 survivors. The infamous Titanic enjoyed only two days of sailing glory on its maiden voyage in 1912 before plunging into 12,000 feet of water near the coast of Newfoundland, where it lies today.

Câu hỏi 23: Which of the following did NOT contribute to the large death toll?

Câu hỏi 24: How many days was the S.S. Titanic at sea before sinking?

Câu hỏi 25: The word “dubbed” in the passage is closest in meaning to ________.

Câu hỏi 26: Which of the following is NOT true?

Câu hỏi 27: What is the main idea of this passage?

Boniface and his wife, Pauline, live in Ongata Rongai, a small town near the capital, Nairobi. They have two daughters: Joyce, who is in her third year of school, and 16-month-old Sharon.

Their home is a two-bedroom apartment, one of 20 in a single-story block. Boniface works as a taxi driver at the international airport in Nairobi. Each morning he leaves home at 4:30A.M. in his white Toyota-cracked windshield, 200,000 miles on the odomoter-and is back by 10 P.M. On a good day he finds two clients. In a typical month he takes home about $215.

"It's a hard job, but I like it," he says. "I meet new people, so I get some experience of the world-even though I have never been outside Kenya."
Pauline is a dressmaker but isn't working right now. She stays at home to take care of the kids. The weekend is often the only time Boniface sees Joyce and Sharon. Boniface and Pauline met 12 years ago: "We liked each other immediately," says Boniface. "I didn't want a woman from the city, so when I learned that Pauline was from the country, I was pleased."

They married a year later, and at first they lived in a slum. They often didn't have a lot to eat, just sukuma wiki (a green vegetable). Then, Boniface won $90 in a bicycle race. The money helped them move to a better area and paid for driving lessons so that Boniface could become a taxi driver.

His salary doesn't go far. Rent is $45 a month, and he gives the same amount to his parents, who don't work. Also, as the most successful of six brothers and sisters, Boniface is expected to help their families, too. He says, "I am always so stressed about money." Joyce's school fees cost another $40 a month. "We are trying to give our children the best education," says Pauline, who, like her husband, never finished school. "Joyce wants to be a doctor."

Next year, Sharon is going to preschool, so Pauline will have more time to start her own dressmaking business. By then, the family might have a new home. "This apartment is not a good place to raise a family," says Boniface. "The bathrooms are communal-one for every four families." Boniface plans to build a three-bedroom house in the suburbs of Nairobi.

Câu hỏi 28: Where do they live?

Câu hỏi 29: What are their homes like?

Câu hỏi 30: How long have they lived there?

Câu hỏi 31: What jobs do the parents do?

Câu hỏi 32: Do they earn much money?

Câu hỏi 33: How long have the parents known each other?

Câu hỏi 34: What hopes and ambitions do the parents have for themselves of Pauline?

Câu hỏi 35: What hopes and ambitions do the parents have for themselves of Boniface?

Câu hỏi 36: What hopes and ambitions do the parents have for themselves their children?

Câu hỏi 37: When does Sharon going to preschool?

Carbohydrates, which are sugars, are an essential part of a healthy diet. They provide the main source of energy for the body, and they also function to flavor and sweeten foods. Carbohydrates range from simple sugars like glucose to complex sugars such as amy lose and amylopectin. Nutritionists estimate that carbohydrates should make up about one-fourth to one-fifth of person’s diet. This translates to about 75-100 grams of carbohydrates per day. A diet that is deficient in carbohydrates can have an adverse effect on a person’s health. When the body lacks a sufficient amount of carbohydrate, it must then use its protein supplies for energy, a process called gluconeogenesis. However, this results in a lack of necessary protein, and further health difficulties may occur. A lack of carbohydrates can also lead to ketosis, a build-up of ketosis in the body that cause fatigue, lethargy, and bad breath.

Câu hỏi 38: What is the main idea of the passage?

Câu hỏi 39: The word ‘function’ as used in paragraph 1 refers to which of the following?

Câu hỏi 40: The word ‘range’ as used in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to:

Câu hỏi 41: According to the passage, what do most nutritionists suggest?

Câu hỏi 42: Which of the following do Carbohydrates NOT do?

Câu hỏi 43: Which of the following words could best replace “deficient” as used in paragraph 2?

Câu hỏi 44: What does the word ‘this’ in paragraph refers to?

Câu hỏi 45: According to the passage, which of the following does not describe, carbohydrates?

Câu hỏi 46: The word ‘lack’ in paragraph 2 is most similar to which of the following?

Câu hỏi 47: Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage?

Thông báo: